What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a lifelong condition whereby the body doesn’t produce enough insulin. As a result, blood glucose levels rise.
Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the body’s cells, to be converted into energy. Glucose comes from digesting carbohydrates, and builds up in the blood when it can’t be used as ‘fuel’ for the body.
Type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes accounts for around 10% of all adults who have diabetes. It can develop at any age, but would usually occur before the age of 40, and especially in childhood.
Living successfully with diabetes.
Living successfully with diabetes means learning how to be a pancreas - measuring your blood glucose levels, watching what and when you eat, assessing your levels of physical activity, and delivering the appropriate amounts of insulin into your body.
Day-to-day care of Type 1 diabetes.
People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin to stay alive. There are two methods for insulin delivery - multiple daily injections, or wearing an insulin pump and testing blood sugar six or more times a day. Equally, people with diabetes need to carefully monitor food intake and exercise levels in order to keep blood sugar levels regulated. This helps avoid highs and lows (hypoglycaemic and hyperglycaemic reactions).